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Type: Journal article
Title: Asymbiotic in vitro germination and seed quality assessment of Australian terrestrial orchids
Author: Dowling, N.
Jusaitis, M.
Citation: Australian Journal of Botany, 2012; 60(7):592-601
Publisher: C S I R O Publishing
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0067-1924
Statement of
Nicole Dowling and Manfred Jusaitis
Abstract: Determining the seed quality and germination requirements for threatened orchid species in storage is vital for future conservation efforts. Seeds of many Australian terrestrial orchid species are held in conservation collections around the country, but few have been germinated in vitro, fuelling concerns over their long-term viability. This study tested three methods of assessing orchid seed quality; asymbiotic germination was compared with vital staining using triphenyltetrazolium chloride or fluorescein diacetate. Six culture media were examined for efficacy in promoting asymbiotic seed germination of four Australian terrestrial orchid species (Pterostylis nutans, Microtis arenaria, Thelymitra pauciflora and Prasophyllum pruinosum). Germination occurred on all media but germination rates were consistently highest on BM1 and development was most advanced on BM1, P723 and Malmgren media. Subsequent trials tested the efficacy of BM1 for asymbiotic germination of additional genera (Caladenia, Calochilus and Diuris), several congeneric species, and two species collected from several different provenances within each of their ranges. The results indicate that asymbiotic germination on BM1 medium is an effective technique for testing the performance of Australian terrestrial orchid seeds. The efficacy of vital stains to determine seed viability, however, remains uncertain, as significant disagreement between degree of staining and germinability was observed for some species.
Rights: Journal compilation © CSIRO 2012
RMID: 0020122879
DOI: 10.1071/BT12133
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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