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Type: Journal article
Title: Prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome in a sample of Indigenous women in Darwin, Australia
Author: Boyle, J.
Cunningham, J.
O'Dea, K.
Dunbar, T.
Norman, R.
Citation: Medical Journal of Australia, 2012; 196(1):62-66
Publisher: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0025-729X
Statement of
Jacqueline A Boyle, Joan Cunningham, Kerin O'Dea, Terry Dunbar and Robert J Norman
Abstract: Objective: To document the prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and its associated characteristics in a sample of urban Indigenous women. Design: A cross-sectional survey of Indigenous women, including biochemical and anthropometric assessments. PCOS was assessed using the National Institutes of Health 1990 criteria. Setting and participants: Indigenous women, aged 15–44 years, living in a defined area in and around Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, September 2003 – March 2005. Main outcome measures: Proportion of participants with PCOS overall and measures of obesity. Results: Among 248 women eligible for assessment, the proportion who had PCOS was 15.3% (95% CI, 10.8%–19.8%). The proportion with PCOS was similar across age groups, but was significantly higher (P = 0.001) in women with a body mass index (BMI) of 30.0 kg/m2 (30.5%) compared with women with a BMI of 25.0–29.9 kg/m2 (8.2%) or a BMI of < 25.0 kg/m2 (7.0%). Conclusions: A high proportion of these Indigenous women had PCOS. The significant relationship with obesity gives a strong rationale for screening for PCOS during routine care of Indigenous women who are obese and of reproductive age.
Keywords: Humans
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Risk Factors
Retrospective Studies
Follow-Up Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Oceanic Ancestry Group
Ethnic Groups
Urban Population
Northern Territory
Young Adult
Rights: © AMPCo
DOI: 10.5694/mja11.10553
Grant ID:
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications

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