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Type: Journal article
Title: Impact of gastric emptying and small intestinal transit on blood glucose, intestinal hormones, glucose absorption in the morbidly obese
Author: Nguyen, Q.
Debreceni, T.
Burgess, J.
Bellon, M.
Wishart, J.
Standfield, S.
Malbert, C.-.H.
Horowitz, M.
Citation: International Journal of Obesity, 2018; 42(9):1556-1564
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 0307-0565
Statement of
Nam Q Nguyen, Tamara L Debreceni, Jenna E Burgess, Max Bellon, Judith Wishart, Scott Standfield, Charles-Henri Malbert, Michael Horowitz
Abstract: Objective: This study evaluated gastric emptying (GE) and small intestinal (SI) transit in people with morbid obesity and their relationships to glycaemia, incretin hormones, and glucose absorption Methods: GE and caecal arrival time (CAT) of a mixed meal were assessed in 22 morbidly obese (50.2 ± 2.5 years; 13 F:9 M; BMI: 48.6 ± 1.8 kg/m2) and 10 lean (38.6 ± 8.4 years; 5 F:5 M; BMI: 23.9 ± 0.7 kg/m2) subjects, using scintigraphy. Blood glucose, plasma 3-O-methylglucose, insulin, glucagon, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) were measured. Insulin sensitivity and resistance were also quantified Results: When compared with lean subjects, GE (t50: 60.7 ± 6.5 vs. 41.1 ± 7.3 min; P = 0.04) and CAT (221.5 ± 9.8 vs. 148.0 ± 7.1 min; P = 0.001) of solids were prolonged in morbid obesity. Postprandial rises in GIP (P = 0.001), insulin (P = 0.02), glucose (P = 0.03) and 3-O-methylglucose (P = 0.001) were less. Whereas GLP-1 increased at 45 mins postprandially in lean subjects, there was no increase in the obese (P = 0.04). Both fasting (P = 0.045) and postprandial (P = 0.012) plasma glucagon concentrations were higher in the obese Conclusions: GE and SI transit are slower in the morbidly obese, and associated with reductions in postprandial glucose absorption, and glycaemic excursions, as well as plasma GIP and GLP-1
Keywords: Intestine, Small; Humans; Obesity, Morbid; Gastrointestinal Hormones; Blood Glucose; Radionuclide Imaging; Gastrointestinal Transit; Gastric Emptying; Adult; Middle Aged; Female; Male
Description: Published online: 30 January 2018
Rights: © Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature 2018
RMID: 0030083093
DOI: 10.1038/s41366-018-0012-6
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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