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Type: Journal article
Title: The economic contribution of humanitarian settlers in Australia
Author: Hugo, G.
Citation: International Migration, 2014; 52(2):31-52
Publisher: Int Organization Migration
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0020-7985
Department: Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences
Organisation: National Centre for Social Applications of GIS (GISCA)
Statement of
Graeme Hugo
Abstract: This article assesses the economic role of refugee settlers in Australia. Refugee-humanitarian labour force participation rates are lower than for other migrant groups or the Australia-born. However, their labour market performance converges toward that of the Australia-born over time. Moreover, the second generation performs at a higher level. There are a number of significant impediments to participation including language, education, structural disadvantage and discrimination. Indeed, there is evidence of a significant refugee gap which can only be explained by discrimination. It is shown that refugees represent a significant stock of human capital that is not being fully realized. They suffer more than other groups through non-recognition and there is substantial “brain waste” with negative results for the economy and the migrants themselves. Finally, it is shown that refugee-humanitarian settlers show greater propensity to form their own business than other migrants and that risk-taking, entrepreneurialism and an ability to identify and take advantage of opportunities is a key characteristic of the group.
Description: Article first published online: 25 APR 2013
Rights: © 2013 The Author.
RMID: 0020136386
DOI: 10.1111/imig.12092
Appears in Collections:Australian Population and Migration Research Centre publications
Geography, Environment and Population publications

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