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Type: Journal article
Title: What caused extinction of the Pleistocene megafauna of Sahul?
Author: Johnson, C.
Alroy, J.
Beeton, N.
Bird, M.
Brook, B.
Cooper, A.
Gillespie, R.
Herrando-PÉrez, S.
Jacobs, Z.
Miller, G.
Prideaux, G.
Roberts, R.
Rodríguez-Rey, M.
SaltrÉ, F.
Turney, C.
Bradshaw, C.
Citation: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2016; 283(1824):20152399-1-20152399-8
Publisher: The Royal Society
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 0962-8452
Statement of
C. N. Johnson, J. Alroy, N. J. Beeton, M. I. Bird, B. W. Brook, A. Cooper, R. Gillespie, S. Herrando-Pe, rez, Z. Jacobs, G. H. Miller, G. J. Prideaux, R. G. Roberts, M. Rodrı, guez-Rey, F. Saltre, C. S. M. Turney, and C. J. A. Bradshaw
Abstract: During the Pleistocene, Australia and New Guinea supported a rich assemblage of large vertebrates. Why these animals disappeared has been debated for more than a century and remains controversial. Previous synthetic reviews of this problem have typically focused heavily on particular types of evidence, such as the dating of extinction and human arrival, and have frequently ignored uncertainties and biases that can lead to misinterpretation of this evidence. Here, we review diverse evidence bearing on this issue and conclude that, although many knowledge gaps remain, multiple independent lines of evidence point to direct human impact as the most likely cause of extinction.
Keywords: quaternary; prehistory; palaeoecology; archeology; human impacts; climate change
Description: Published 10 February 2016
Rights: © 2016 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2015.2399
Grant ID: ARC
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 3
Australian Centre for Ancient DNA publications

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