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Type: Journal article
Title: Predictors of gastroparesis in out-patients with secondary and idiopathic upper gastrointestinal symptoms
Author: Stanghellini, V.
Tosetti, C.
Horowitz, M.
De Giorgio, R.
Barbara, G.
Cogliandro, R.
Cogliandro, L.
Corinaldesi, R.
Citation: Digestive and Liver Disease, 2003; 35(6):389-396
Publisher: Pacini Editore
Issue Date: 2003
ISSN: 1590-8658
Statement of
V. Stanghellinia, C. Tosetti, M. Horowitz, R. De Giorgio, G. Barbara, R. Cogliandro, L. Cogliandro , R. Corinaldesi
Abstract: BACKGROUND:Delayed gastric emptying occurs frequently in patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms associated with functional or organic diseases. AIMS:To evaluate whether: (i) the prevalence of delayed gastric emptying is influenced by the presence of organic disease; (ii) demographic or clinical factors predict modestly or markedly (gastroparesis) delayed emptying. PATIENTS:A total of 327 consecutive out-patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms. METHODS:Routine diagnostic work-up and evaluation of demographic factors, gastrointestinal symptom evaluation and scintigraphic gastric emptying of solids were performed. RESULTS:Organic diseases were detected in 227/327 (65%) patients: 33% had delayed emptying and 20% gastroparesis. Female gender (OR: 2.1; 95% C.I.: 1.3-3.4). overweight (0.5; 0.3-0.9), relevant postprandial fullness (1.8; 1.1-3.2) and relevant epigastric bloating (1.8; 1.1-2.9), but not the presence of organic diseases, were associated with delayed emptying. Female gender (3.9; 1.3-11.9) and relevant postprandial fullness (4.1; 1.7-10.2) were associated with gastroparesis. CONCLUSIONS:(i) There is a high prevalence of delayed gastric emptying and gastroparesis in out-patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms, which is not influenced by the presence of organic disease; (ii) female gender, low body weight, relevant fullness and bloating are associated with delayed emptying; female gender and relevant postprandial fullness predict gastroparesis.
Keywords: Humans; Stomach Diseases; Gastroparesis; Prevalence; Sex Factors; Gastric Emptying; Adult; Middle Aged; Outpatients; Female; Male
Description: Copyright © 2003 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0020030108
DOI: 10.1016/S1590-8658(03)00164-6
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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