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Type: Thesis
Title: Base metal mineralization in the Kanmantoo Group, S.A.: the South Hill, Bremer and Wheal Ellen areas
Author: Spry, P. G.
Issue Date: 1976
School/Discipline: School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Geology & Geophysics
Abstract: The Kanmantoo Group in the Strathalbyn-Kanmantoo-Callington areas has been regionally metamorphosed and at least three deformations have affected the original greywacke - shale sediments to reach mid-amphibolite facies during the Delamerian orogeny. The metamorphic assemblages indicate a temperature of between 500 and 600degC and pressures between 1.8 and 3.8 kb. The presence of andalusite and fibrolite suggests pressures close to the upper value. Two deformations at quartz-muscovite-biotite grade followed, producing non-penetrative crenulation cleavages. Evidence suggests that base metals were present in the schists at a very early stage during sedimentation or introduced at least in the earliest stages of metamorphism, and to have been localized during the first deformation. Sulphur isotope ratios of the sulphides are compatible with a hydrothermal origin and derivation from metamorphic fluids which had differing mixtures of meteoric, sea and possibly magmatic waters. Wide variations in isotope values between mineralization and pyritic schists and the Nairne Pyrite Formation suggest that the Cu-Pb-Zn was not derived from these pyritic horizons. P-T conditions of sulphide recrystallization as derived from sphalerite barometry and sulphur isotopes indicate a temperature near 420degC and a pressure of 4.4 (+/-0.5) kb. The pressure is slightly higher than that educed by silicate stabilities. The andalusite schist is closely related to mineralization, not as a major source, but is structurally related being the lithology where folding and shearing were favourable for mineralization. It is concluded that the mineralization is epigenetic, resulting from mobilisation of disseminated sulphides in the country rocks by hydrothermal fluids into shear zones and tight folds.
Dissertation Note: Thesis (B.Sc.(Hons)) -- University of Adelaide, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 1976
Where: Kanmantoo Province, Mt Lofty Ranges fold belt, South Australia
Keywords: Honours; Geology; epigenetic basemetal mineralisation; Kanmantoo Group; sulphur isotopes; sphalerite geobarometry
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Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the author of this thesis and do not wish it to be made publicly available, or you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
Appears in Collections:School of Physical Sciences

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