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Type: Journal article
Title: Beneficial arthropod behavior mediated by airborne semiochemicals. III. Influence of age and experience on flight chamber responses of Microplitis demolitor Wilkinson
Author: Herard, F.
Keller, M.A.
Lewis, W.J.
Tumlinson, J.H.
Citation: Journal of Chemical Ecology, 1988; 14(7):1583-1596
Publisher: Plenum Publishers
Issue Date: 1988
ISSN: 0098-0331
Statement of
F. Hérard, M. A. Keller, W. J. Lewis, J. H. Tumlinson
Abstract: Heliothis zea (Boddie) larvae fed cowpea seedlings produced volatile semiochemicals to which Microplitis demolitor Wilkinson responded in a wind tunnel. However, most M. demolitor females reared from H. zea larvae fed an artificial diet were not responsive at emergence to the same volatile semiochemicals. A preflight contact with frass from H. zea fed cowpea was needed to stimulate a response of sustained flight in a wind tunnel. The most consistent flight response was 7-10 days postemergence. Response resulting from both antennal and ovipositor contact with host frass during preflight stimulation was no better than from antennal contact alone. Chilling the parasitoid pupae rendered most of the emerging females unresponsive to volatile semiochemicals.
Keywords: Microplitis demolitor
Heliothis zea
Biological control
artificial diet
preflight behavior
wind tunnels
chemosensory receptors
chilling pupae
Rights: Copyright status unknown
DOI: 10.1007/BF01012524
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications
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