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Type: Journal article
Title: Is walkability associated with a lower cardiometabolic risk?
Author: Coffee, N.
Howard, N.
Paquet, C.
Hugo, G.
Daniel, M.
Citation: Health & Place, 2013; 21:163-169
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 1353-8292
Statement of
Neil T. Coffee, Natasha Howard, Catherine Paquet, Graeme Hugo and Mark Daniel
Abstract: Walkability of residential environments has been associated with more walking. Given the health benefits of walking, it is expected that people living in locations with higher measured walkability should have a lower risk of cardiometabolic diseases. This study tested the hypothesis that higher walkability was associated with a lower cardiometabolic risk (CMR) for two administrative spatial units and three road buffers. Data were from the North West Adelaide Health Study first wave of data collected between 2000 and 2003. CMR was expressed as a cumulative sum of six clinical risk markers, selected to reflect components of the metabolic syndrome. Walkability was based on an established methodology and operationalised as dwelling density, intersection density, land-use mix and retail footprint. Walkability was associated with lower CMR for the three road buffer representations of the built environment but not for the two administrative spatial units. This may indicate a limitation in the use of administrative spatial units for analyses of walkability and health outcomes.
Keywords: Humans; Cardiovascular Diseases; Walking; Risk Factors; Cross-Sectional Studies; Environment Design; Geographic Information Systems; Middle Aged; Urban Population; South Australia; Female; Male
Rights: © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0020126594
DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.01.009
Appears in Collections:Geography, Environment and Population publications
Australian Population and Migration Research Centre publications

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