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|Title:||Regulation of calcitonin receptor by glucocorticoid in human osteoclast-like cells prepared in vitro using receptor activator of nuclear factor-kB ligand and macrophage colony-stimulating factor|
|Citation:||Endocrinology, 2001; 142(4):1471-1478|
|Seiki Wada, Shigemitsu Yasuda, Tsutomu Nagai, Tomoya Maeda, Shinji Kitahama, Satoru Suda, David M. Findlay, Makoto Iitaka and Shigehiro Katayama|
|Abstract:||Using mouse osteoclast-like cells (OCs), we have shown that treatment with glucocorticoids (GCs) resulted in an increase in calcitonin (CT) binding by enhancing CT receptor (CTR) gene transcription. Additionally, treatment with GCs demonstrated increased sensitivity to CT. There is, however, scant information on the effects of GC or CTR regulation by GCs in human osteoclasts. In this study we examined CTR regulation by GCs and the effects of GCs and CT together in human OCs. OCs were prepared by treatment of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro with soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand and macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Treatment of mature OCs with dexamethasone (Dex) resulted in a dose- and time-dependent increase in [(125)I]salmon CT (sCT) binding capacity. Treatment with Dex enhanced CTR messenger RNA (mRNA) expression, suggesting that CTR up-regulation is at least partly due to an increase in de novo CTR synthesis. Triamcinolone and prednisolone reproduced the Dex effect on [(125)I]sCT-specific binding and CTR mRNA expression, but 17beta-estradiol, progesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, and aldosterone did not. A Scatchard plot analysis showed that Dex enhanced CTR number with a minimal change in the affinity to sCT. Autoradiographic studies using [(125)I]sCT showed that Dex enhanced the CTR density on individual multinuclear OCs. Up-regulation of [(125)I]sCT-specific binding and CTR mRNA expression was seen even in the presence of sCT, but the enhancement diminished subsequently at later times (36-48 h after sCT removal), which was consistent with our previous observation in mouse OCs. This suggests that GCs and CTs act on CTR expression differently, consistent with our previous work using mouse OCs, in which we found that GCs increased transcription of CTR gene expression, whereas CT reduced CTR mRNA stability. The results obtained in this study show that GC increased CTR expression and sensitivity to CT in cells of the human osteoclast lineage and provide the basis for understanding the beneficial effects of combination treatment with GCs and CTs in malignancy-associated hypercalcemia.|
Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B
Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest|
Orthopaedics and Trauma publications
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