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Type: Journal article
Title: Sociodemographic risk factors and correlates of dementia in older Malaysians
Author: Hamid, Tengku Aizan
Krishnaswamy, Saroja
Abdullah, Siti Suhailah
Momtaz, Yadollah Abolfathi
Citation: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 2010; 30(6):533-539
Publisher: Karger
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 1420-8008
School/Discipline: School of Medicine : Psychiatry
Statement of
Tengku Aizan Hamid, Saroja Krishnaswamy, Siti Suhailah Abdullah, Yadollah Abolfathi Momtaz
Abstract: Objective: The rapid expansion of the aged population in Malaysia is expected to greatly increase the number of persons with dementia in the country. However, data on dementia prevalence at the national level is lacking, and little is known about the sociodemographic risk factors and correlates of dementia. This paper describes a nationwide study of dementia prevalence and its sociodemographic risk factors and health correlates among older Malaysians. Methods: In the nationwide study, the Mental Health and Quality of Life of Older Malaysians, AGECAT-GMS was used to diagnose dementia in a nationally representative sample of 2,980 persons aged 60 and above. Results: The prevalence rate of dementia was 14.3%. Higher dementia prevalences were found in oldest age (26.3%), women (19.7%), no formal education (24.1%), Bumiputeras (32.2%), unmarried (19.4%), unemployed (31.3%) and very poor on self-rated health (33.3%). Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that older age, female gender, no formal education, ethnicity and very poor self-rated health were independent risk factors and correlates of dementia. Conclusions: Relatively higher prevalence rates of dementia in older Malaysians were accounted for by greater proportions without education, Malay and Bumiputera ethnicity, and other unknown factors which should be further investigated.
Keywords: Prevalence; Dementia; Older Malaysians; Sociodemographic factors
RMID: 0020102765
DOI: 10.1159/000321672
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Appears in Collections:Psychiatry publications

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