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Type: Journal article
Title: P-T-X controls on phase stability and composition in LTMP metabasite rocks - a thermodynamic evaluation
Author: Phillips, G.
Hand, M.
Offler, R.
Citation: Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 2010; 28(5):459-476
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 0263-4929
Statement of
G. Phillips, M. Hand and R. Offler
Abstract: The stability of pumpellyite + actinolite or riebeckite + epidote + hematite (with chlorite, albite, titanite, quartz and H2O in excess) mineral assemblages in LTMP metabasite rocks is strongly dependent on bulk composition. By using a thermodynamic approach (THERMOCALC), the importance of CaO and Fe2O3 bulk contents on the stability of these phases is illustrated using P–T and P–X phase diagrams. This approach allowed P–T conditions of ∼4.0 kbar and ∼260 °C to be calculated for the growth of pumpellyite + actinolite or riebeckite + epidote + hematite assemblages in rocks containing variable bulk CaO and Fe2O3 contents. These rocks form part of an accretionary wedge that developed along the east Australian margin during the Carboniferous–Triassic New England Orogen. P–T and P–X diagrams show that sodic amphibole, epidote and hematite will grow at these conditions in Fe2O3-saturated (6.16 wt%) metabasic rocks, whereas actinolite and pumpellyite will be stable in CaO-rich (10.30 wt%) rocks. With intermediate Fe2O3 (∼3.50 wt%) and CaO (∼8.30 wt%) contents, sodic amphibole, actinolite and epidote can coexist at these P–T conditions. For Fe2O3-saturated rocks, compositional isopleths for sodic amphibole (Al3+ and Fe3+ on the M2 site), epidote (Fe3+/Fe3+ + Al3+) and chlorite (Fe2+/Fe2+ + Mg) were calculated to evaluate the efficiency of these cation exchanges as thermobarometers in LTMP metabasic rocks. Based on these calculations, it is shown that Al3+ in sodic amphibole and epidote is an excellent barometer in chlorite, albite, hematite, quartz and titanite buffered assemblages. The effectiveness of these barometers decreases with the breakdown of albite. In higher-P stability fields where albite is absent, Fe2+-Mg ratios in chlorite may be dependent on pressure. The Fe3+/Al and Fe2+/Mg ratios in epidote and chlorite are reliable thermometers in actinolite, epidote, chlorite, albite, quartz, hematite and titanite buffered assemblages.
Keywords: Metabasite
mineral equilibria
New England Orogen
sodic amphibole
Rights: © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
DOI: 10.1111/j.1525-1314.2010.00874.x
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute publications

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