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Type: Journal article
Title: The effect of screw taper on interference fit during load to failure at the soft tissue/bone interface
Author: Mann, C.
Costi, J.
Stanley, R.
Dobson, P.
Citation: Knee, 2005; 12(5):370-376
Publisher: Elsevier Science BV
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 0968-0160
Statement of
Charles J. Mann, John J. Costi, Richard M. Stanley and Peter J. Dobson
Abstract: The effect of screw geometry on the pullout strength of an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is well documented. The effect of a truly tapered screw has not been previously investigated. Thirty bovine knees in right and left knee pairs were collected. Superficial digital flexors from the hind legs of sheep were harvested to form a quadruple tendon graft. For each knee pair, one tendon graft was fixed using a tapered screw (n=15) and the other with a non-tapered screw (n=15). Interference screws were manufactured from stainless steel, and apart from the tapered or non-tapered profile were identical. The screws were inserted into a tibial tunnel already containing the tendon graft. The interference fit was tested by extensile load to failure tests. The insertion torque of the screws and first sign of load to failure (by pullout) of the interference fit were recorded. Results were analysed using paired t-tests. The results indicated that tapered screws have significantly higher resistance to interference failure (p=0.007) and insertion torque (p<0.001) than non-tapered screws. The improved biomechanical performance of tapered screws demonstrated in this study may translate into superior clinical results, particularly at the tibial attachment of hamstring anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, and also of hamstring fixation to the medial femoral condyle for patella instability.
Keywords: Cruciate reconstruction
Interference screw
Pullout strength
Insertion torque
Load to failure
DOI: 10.1016/j.knee.2004.12.007
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 5
Orthopaedics and Trauma publications

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