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|Title:||Diffuse axonal injury in head trauma|
|Citation:||Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 1989; 52(7):838-841|
|Publisher:||BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP|
|Organisation:||Centre for Automotive Safety Research (CASR)|
|Peter C. Blumbergs, Nigel R. Jones and John B. North|
|Abstract:||Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) as defined by detailed microscopic examination was found in 34 of 80 consecutive cases of head trauma surviving for a sufficient length of time to be clinically assessed by the Royal Adelaide Hospital Neurosurgery Unit. The findings indicate that there is a spectrum of axonal injury and that one third of cases of DAI recovered sufficiently to talk between the initial head injury producing coma and subsequent death. The macroscopic "marker" lesions in the corpus callosum and dorsolateral quadrants of the brainstem were present in only 15/34 of the cases and represented the most severe end of the spectrum of DAI.|
|Keywords:||Brain; Brain Stem; Corpus Callosum; Axons; Humans; Brain Damage, Chronic; Brain Edema; Brain Injuries; Brain Concussion; Coma; Nerve Degeneration|
|Rights:||Copyright status unknown|
|Appears in Collections:||Centre for Automotive Safety Research publications|
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