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Type: Journal article
Title: 3-D non-linear travel-time tomography: Imaging high contrast velocity anomalies
Author: Bai, C.
Greenhalgh, S.
Citation: Pure and Applied Geophysics, 2005; 162(11):2029-2049
Publisher: Birkhauser Verlag Ag
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 0033-4553
Statement of
Chao-ying Bai and Stewart Greenhalgh
Abstract: In this paper we present an approach for 3-D travel-time tomography, which works well in reconstructing high contrast velocity anomalies in both location and strength. It uses a revised ‘irregular’ approach to the shortest-path method as the ray tracer and a damped minimum norm, and constrained least-squares CG approach as the inversion solver. In ray tracing, the advantages of the revised ‘irregular’ over the ‘regular’ approach are that the secondary nodes introduced on the cell surfaces significantly improve accuracy of computed travel times, without dramatically increasing the total number of cells and nodes; the tri-linear velocity function defined across the cell guarantees accurate ray tracing in a high velocity contrast medium; and the capacity to calculate a relatively large 3-D model, due to the fast run speed (at least one order of magnitude over the ‘regular’ approach) and less number of total nodes. The introduction of ‘soft’ and ‘hard’ bounds into the inversion process changes the conditioning and makes the solution meaningful in a physical sense. Thus the artifacts caused by noise and high velocity contrasts are substantially suppressed and the image quality is considerably improved, making the solution realistic with noisy or inconsistent travel-time data. Several numerical tests indicate that we can obtain good quality images even for high velocity contrast anomalies (say more than 20%) in the target region. This means the inversion algorithm is an efficient and effective procedure. Meanwhile, the inversion procedure is not very sensitive to the quality of the travel-time data, which is promising for practical usage.
Keywords: A revised ‘irregular’ approach of the shortest path
Travel-time tomography
High velocity anomaly reconstruction
3-D case
Description: The original publication can be found at Copyright © 2005 Birkhauser Verlag, Basel
DOI: 10.1007/s00024-005-2703-x
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