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Type: Journal article
Title: Yb³⁺ and Er³⁺ codoped BaLiF₃ nanocrystals for X-ray dosimetry and imaging by upconversion luminescence
Other Titles: Yb(3+) and Er(3+) codoped BaLiF(3) nanocrystals for X-ray dosimetry and imaging by upconversion luminescence
Author: Chowdhury, N.
Riesen, N.
Riesen, H.
Citation: ACS Applied Nano Materials, 2021; 4(7):6659-6667
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 2574-0970
Statement of
Nishita Chowdhury, Nicolas Riesen, and Hans Riesen
Abstract: We report on the potential of BaLiF₃ as a host matrix for the upconversion sensitizer (Yb³⁺)-activator (Er³⁺) pairs as prepared by ball milling. Specifically, the infrared (980 nm)-excited upconversion luminescence (UCL) of BaLiF₃:Yb³⁺, Er³⁺ samples before and after annealing in air is reported, and it is demonstrated that the upconversion efficiency is enhanced by ∼2 orders of magnitude via a postannealing treatment. The UCL of BaLiF₃:Yb³⁺, Er³⁺ compared favorably with that of the efficient NaYF₄:Yb³⁺, Er³⁺ UCL nanophosphors. In addition, the X-ray storage capability of BaLiF₃:Yb³⁺, Er³⁺ was explored. It was observed that the photoluminescence intensities of Yb³⁺ (∼980 nm) and Er³⁺ (∼650 nm) ions decrease gradually with cumulative X-ray doses due to X-ray-induced reduction of Yb³⁺ to Yb²⁺ and Er³⁺ to Er²⁺, and as a result, the upconversion luminescence decreases. The Yb²⁺ photoluminescence spectrum upon X-irradiation was observed at 480 nm in accord with earlier reports for the BaLiF₃ host. In a unique development, 2D X-ray imaging based on the UCL signal is reported for the first time. These results demonstrate the X-ray recording capability of mechanochemically synthesized BaLiF₃:Yb³⁺, Er³⁺ nanocrystals and point to possible applications in combining X-ray dosimetry and bioimaging.
Keywords: Upconversion luminescence; photoluminescence; dosimetry; nanocrystals; X-ray imaging; computed radiography; inverse perovskites
Rights: © 2021 American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acsanm.1c00600
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