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|Title:||Repairing recruitment processes with sound technology to accelerate habitat restoration|
|Citation:||Ecological Applications, 2021; 31(6):e02386-1-e02386-7|
|Publisher:||Ecological Society of America; Wiley|
|Brittany R. Williams, Dominic McAfee and Sean D. Connell|
|Abstract:||Humanity's ambitions to revive ecosystems at large scales require solutions to move restoration efforts beyond the small scale. There are increasing calls for technological solutions to reduce costs and facilitate large-scale restoration through use of emerging technologies using an adaptive process of research and development. We show how technological enrichment of marine soundscapes may provide a solution that repairs the recruitment process to accelerate the recovery of lost marine habitats. This solution would solve the problems of current practice that largely relies upon natural recruitment processes, which carries considerable risk where recruitment is variable or eroded. By combining the literature with laboratory experiments, we describe evidence for 'highways of sound' that convey navigable information for dispersing life-stages in search for adult habitat. We show that these navigational cues tend to be silenced as their habitat is lost, creating negative feedbacks that hinders restoration. We suggest that reprovisioning soundscapes using underwater technology offers the potential to reverse this feedback and entice target organisms to recruit in greater densities. Collective evidence indicates that the application of soundscape theory and technology may unlock the recruitment potential needed to trigger the recruitment of target organisms and the natural soundscapes they create at large scales.|
|Keywords:||Bioacoustics; conservation; ecosystem restoration; habitat loss; soundscape enrichment; supply-side ecology|
|Rights:||© 2021 Ecological Society of America|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest 4|
Environment Institute publications
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