Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Type: Thesis
Title: Yoga as an intervention for anxiety in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis
Author: Croft, Alana
Issue Date: 2020
School/Discipline: School of Psychology
Abstract: There is growing interest in yoga as a complementary therapy for anxiety reduction in children. However, the available evidence has primarily relied on uncontrolled studies, which may overestimate treatment effects. The aims of this study are to systematically appraise the rigour of current research investigating yoga as an intervention for children and adolescents (aged 3-21 years) and to complete a meta-analysis of the data to determine the effectiveness and optimal dosage of yoga for anxiety. Ten independent controlled trials, involving a pooled sample of 3879 children and adolescents, were identified from the Embase, PubMed and PsycINFO databases. Study reporting quality was assessed using the QualSyst tool. Standardised mean group differences (Hedges’ g) in addition to 95% confidence intervals, p values and heterogeneity statistics (Q, I2, Tau) were calculated using a random effects model. Although five studies identified immediate improvements in anxiety symptoms with yoga, the overall pooled effect was not significant (g = 1.06, [CI: -.16, 2.27], p = 0.08). The findings were, however, characterised by a single outlier study - the removal of which changed the overall significance (g = .59, [CI: .16, 1.13], p =.01). Subgroup analyses identified a ‘dose-response’ effect, with very large and significant effects being associated with yoga interventions that extended beyond 9 weeks (g = 1.81 [CI: .32 to 3.29] p = 0.02). These studies provide preliminary data to suggest that yoga may have some mental health benefits for children. Further controlled research incorporating follow-up assessment is warranted given the findings in this review.
Dissertation Note: Thesis (B.PsychSc(Hons)) -- University of Adelaide, School of Psychology, 2020
Keywords: Honours; Psychology
Description: This item is only available electronically.
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the author of this thesis and do not wish it to be made publicly available, or you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
Appears in Collections:School of Psychology

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
CroftA_2020_Hons.pdf697.8 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.