Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/121547
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Type: Journal article
Title: Knowledge, skills, and attitudes of psychologists working with persons with vision impairment
Author: Roche, Y.
Chur-Hansen, A.
Citation: Disability and Rehabilitation, 2021; 43(5):621-631
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 0963-8288
1464-5165
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Youngblood Simeon Bobo Roche and Anna Chur-Hansen
Abstract: Purpose: Psychologists working with persons with vision impairment face unique challenges in providing psychological services, including mental health care and cognitive assessments. While existing competency guidelines for general disability and rehabilitation psychology are relevant to working with persons with vision impairment in many ways, specific competencies are needed. Previous psychological research into the provision of therapy for persons with vision impairment has focused mainly on communication and intervention strategies and lacks input from the vision-impaired community. Materials and methods: This qualitative study, grounded in disability, rehabilitation psychology, and competency frameworks aimed to identify the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for psychologists working with persons with vision impairment. Results: Through triangulating responses from both registered psychologists (N = 10) and persons with vision impairment (N = 5), a thematic analysis identified 29 competencies under six major themes, including: Expertise, Impact, Approach, Collaboration, Assessment, and Flexibility. Competencies were discretely categorized as knowledge, skills, or attitudes. Results: Through triangulating responses from both registered psychologists (N = 10) and persons with vision impairment (N = 5), a thematic analysis identified 29 competencies under six major themes, including: Expertise, Impact, Approach, Collaboration, Assessment, and Flexibility. Competencies were discretely categorized as knowledge, skills, or attitudes. 1. Implications for rehabilitation 2. Whilst competencies for disability and rehabilitation psychology already exist, the competencies for psychologists working with persons with vision impairment require updating, informed by both practitioners and clients with vision impairment. 3. These competencies include: knowledge of eye conditions and pathologies; knowledge of the variation in impact of vision loss; general knowledge about vision loss and normal lifespan development; and, the ability to assess the specific impact of vision loss on the individual. 4. Other skills and attitudes, such as oral communication skills and relaying hope and optimism, whilst necessary for all therapeutic encounters, may require particular modification when working with vision-impaired persons. 5. Educators responsible for professional postgraduate courses in psychology should ensure that training incorporates an understanding of the need to modify approaches for particular groups of clients, such as those with vision impairment.
Keywords: Vision impairment; competency training; psychology; knowledge; skills; attitudes; professional development; teaching and learning
Rights: © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2019.1634155
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 8
Psychology publications

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