Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/115331
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Type: Journal article
Title: Radiological findings in an ancient Iranian salt mummy (Chehrābād ca. 410-350 BC)
Other Titles: Radiological findings in an ancient Iranian salt mummy (Chehrabad ca. 410-350 BC)
Author: Öhrström, L.
Seiler, R.
Böni, T.
Aali, A.
Stöllner, T.
Rühli, F.
Citation: Skeletal Radiology, 2015; 44(6):811-821
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 0364-2348
1432-2161
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Lena M. Öhrström, Roger Seiler, Thomas Böni, Abolfazl Aali, Thomas Stöllner, Frank J. Rühli
Abstract: Objective: To study pathologies, peri- and postmortal alterations as well as the general preservation state of an ancient Iranian salt mummy. Materials and methods: Several mummified remains from two different time periods (1500–2500 BP) were found in the Chehrābād salt mine in Iran. Computed tomography was performed on Salt Man #4 (410-350 BC), the best preserved out of the six salt mummies (Siemens, Sensation 16; 512 × 512 matrix; 0.75–5 mm slice thickness, 240-mA tube current, 120-kV tube voltage, and 0.976-mm pixel size). Results: Radiological analyses showed an excellent state of preservation of an adolescent body. Several normal variants such as aplasia of the frontal sinus as well as a rare congenital deformation of the 5th vertebral body (butterfly vertebra) have been observed. The individual shows multiple fractures, which is consistent with the theory that he died due to a collapse in the ancient salt mine. Conclusions: The salt preserved the soft tissue as well as parts of the inner organs remarkably well. However, further investigations including histology are needed to reveal additional details of the health status of this unique salt mummy.
Keywords: Saltmummy; ancient saltmine; paleoradiology; CT; postmortal alterations
Description: Corrected by: Erratum to Radiological findings in an ancient Iranian salt mummy (Chehrābād ca. 410–350 BC) (Skeletal Radiol, (2015), 44, (811-821), 10.1007/s00256-015-2103-y), in Skeletal Radiology 45(3):433. Duplication of material previously published in Metalla, the Journal of the German Mining Museum, Nr.21/2014, 103–112.
Rights: © ISS 2015
RMID: 0030048620
DOI: 10.1007/s00256-015-2103-y
Appears in Collections:Anatomical Sciences publications

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